The government of Bangladesh has finalized the National Action Plan to reduce emission with giving priority to power, transport and industry sectors while ensuring efficiency at all segments of energy value chain and maximizing use of renewables to meet its energy demand for achieving economic growth. It has also invested in non-fossil fuel-based power generation alongside fossil fuel. One such is Rooppur nuclear power plant. The wind mapping done recently has also brightened the prospects of wind power. So, it appears that Bangladesh is on a low carbon growth path.
Bangladesh is not a polluting country in the global context, but one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. Over the past 40 years, incidents due to climate change accounted for 0.5-1.0 percent less GDP. This amounts to around US$12 billion. Presently, the country’s per capita carbon emission is only 1.1 tonne per person as compared to the world’s average of 4.97 tonnes. It has no obligation for reducing carbon emission in accordance with the historic Paris Climate Change Agreement. But over the last few decades, the country made sizable investments for lowering emissions, and in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), submitted to UNFCCC, the country committed to reduce emission substantially.