On December 1, 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree to dissolve the then existing nuclear agency and establish a state-owned nuclear corporation Rosatom.
Since then, Rosatom has been a nuclear industry of the Russian Federation in its entirety and complexity. Despite the coronavirus difficulties and restrictions, the industry has seen many important events in 2020.
On May 22, the world’s only floating nuclear power plant was put into operation in Pevek (Chukotka, Russia). It is also the first SMR commissioned in the 21st century.
On October 22, Leningrad II NPP Unit 2 with a VVER-1200 reactor was connected to Russia’s national power grid. On November 12, 2020, the newly commissioned Leningrad II Unit 2 started supplying heat and hot water to the neighboring town of Sosnovy Bor.
On November 3, Belarus NPP Unit 1 with a VVER-1200 reactor was connected to the national power grid of Belarus. This is the first Generation III+ reactor unit built abroad to the Russian design.
The nuclear power plants in Russia are expected to generate record-high 214.965 billion kWh of electricity by the end of 2020.
Over the last five years, Rosatom has launched 87 new businesses. Nine of them (wind power, composite materials, nuclear medicine, waste management, oil and gas services, digitalization, smart city system, international logistics and additive technology) are strategic programs, two of which – additive technology and international logistics – have been kicked off in 2020. Revenue from new businesses in 2020 is expected to reach RUB 257 billion, up 12.7% year on year.
Rosatom has revamped six of its R&D institutes involved in nuclear research. In general, Rosatom’s research and development centers and laboratories carry out about 150 research programs in ten fields, including laser, fusion, plasma, hydrogen and spent fuel management technologies.
The Russian nuclear industry celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2020. For three fourths of a century, Rosatom has grown into Russia’s major technology company and a global leader in many areas of research.
Rosatom develops complex technologies, bringing them from concept to market. The Russian nuclear corporation has accumulated vast knowledge and uses it to make life safer and easier despite any challenges on the national or international scale.